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Iman series: Belief in Allah (SWT)

Ann Stock explains the three types of tawhid and how to build on your belief in Allah (SWT).

Fall is my favourite time of year. There is nothing more relaxing than going for a walk in the woods in the early morning. I love the smell of autumn and the beautiful blend of warm hues which soothe even the most anguished of hearts. Watching the leaves gently flicker in those first golden rays gives a person hope. I also love that tingling sensation you get in your nose when you breathe in the chilly morning air.


So who created all of this beauty and who maintains it? As a Muslim, it is easy to answer that question and that brings us to the first part of belief in Allah (SWT): belief that Allah (SWT) is the Creator of the universe and all that is in it is known as tawhid al-rububiyyah. It is a natural inclination of all human beings. That is why, when someone is in trouble, they call out to Allah (SWT). Only arrogance made Pharaoh and others like him deny Allah’s existence.


And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allah.” How then are they turned away (from the worship of Allah, Who created them)? (Az-Zukhruf:87)


In the story of the cave, a group of youths believed in Allah (SWT) alone despite the disbelief of their people. For this belief, Allah (SWT) rewarded them. He showed that He is Ash-Shakoor, The Appreciative, by increasing them in guidance. This is a huge reward, better than this life and everything in it. Allah (SWT) gave them more and better in reward than what they had suffered for His sake. Not only were they guided, but they were made famous for all time and their story was recorded in the Qur’an. If the whole world does not appreciate what you have given up for Allah’s sake, it doesn’t matter; what matters is that Allah appreciates it.


Once you acknowledge that Allah (SWT) created you, you need to know what actions He expects of you.


And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). (Adh-Dhariyat:56)


This is belief in tawhid al-uluhiyyah; Allah (SWT) is alone in deserving not only our worship, but worship made with sincerity, love and reverence.
Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah , then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Aal ‘Imran:31)


To worship with love and reverence comes with time and knowledge of our Rabb (Lord). With knowledge I will love Him for His perfection and I will want to please Him by worshipping Him the way He has commanded. The Prophet (SAW) said:
“Allah (SWT) said: … My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him…. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it…” (Bukhari)


How can I learn more about Allah (SWT)?
We get to know someone when we understand what qualities they admire in others and what they despise and when we see how they react to different situations. In the Qur’an and through the Sunnah, Allah (SWT) tells us His likes and dislikes and what He wants us to do and not do. He tells us how He has reacted to different situations in the past and what the consequences of our actions will be. Reading the Qur’an will lead to an understanding of who Allah (SWT) is.



Allah (SWT) also tells us His names and describes His Attributes in the Qur’an and Sunnah. This brings us to the final category of belief in Allah (SWT) and that is the belief in His names and attributes which is known as tawhid al-asma wa as-sifat. In a famous hadith, Allah (SWT) asks us to search out His ninety-nine names. One of them is Al-Wakeel.


The Prophet (SAW) taught us: “Say: Allah is sufficient for us and He is Al-Wakeel; We have placed our trust in Allah.” (hasbuna Allaha wa ni’ma al-Wakeel; ‘ala Allahi tawakkalna) (Tirmidhi)


Allah is Al-Wakeel – the one who takes care of His slaves with perfection. He is the best disposer of our affairs. He doesn’t give this responsibility to anyone else but instead takes care of us Himself and He is capable of dealing with all of our problems. Problems and difficulties are a part of life and that will not change but how we cope with our problems can.


How will this name affect how I act?
If I am someone who believes from the bottom of my heart and soul that Al-Wakeel will handle my problems and then I do my utmost to handle what I can from my end, then I have applied His name to my life.


… “Allah is sufficient for me, none has the right to be worshipped but He, in Him I put my trust (alayhi tawakkaltu) and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.” (At-Tawbah:129)


As I come out of the woods to return home from my walk, the sounds of screeching tires fill the air. A car speeds towards me. I can either run quickly across the road or return to the curb. I call upon Allah (SWT) to help me and I choose to return to the curb. The car speeds past and I escape with my life. I escaped because Al-Wakeel helped me make the decision to return to the curb and made it possible for me to do so. Iman is to have knowledge of a thing which results in an action. I believed that car had the ability to hit me and I also have iman in Al-Wakeel, so I put my trust in Him and did my part.


Allah – there is no deity except Him. And upon Allah let the believers/muminun rely. (At-Taghabun:13)
Also, when I believe that Allah is As-Samee’, The All Hearing, then I understand that He hears each voice of every created thing without confusion no matter their language. Therefore, I know that He hears my du’a and that He will respond because He is Al-Mujeeb, The One Who Responds.


And your Lord said: “Invoke Me – I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Ghafir:60)


Du’a, or invocation, in this ayah means the invocation of asking and the invocation of worship. When making du’a, call upon Allah (SWT) using His beautiful names. That is the proper etiquette. Read the Qur’an and study the hadith and learn about Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) has given us a challenge to search out His names and it’s an honour to embark on that journey.


There are six pillars of iman. Next, we will look at belief in Allah’s angels. READ PART 3 HERE



Read Part 1 HERE


Ann (Umameer) Stock reverted to Islam 27 years ago and lives back and forth between Cairo and Jeddah with her Egyptian husband. She has dedicated her life to helping the next generation of Muslims, beginning with her own children and grandchildren.